The Role of Civil Society

Climate change is a global environmental problem, and international studies have predominantly addressed climate change from an environmental policy perspective. The climate change has major impacts on economic, social and human living conditions, because this can affect in goals related to poverty reduction, water, food, energy, education and health. There is a linkage between climate change and development that call mainstreaming approach aims, which evaluated the climate changes policies in the context of general development goals. We can talk about the principal issues on the topic:
• Climate change is addressed as a development problem and aspects like human welfare and its various social and human dimensions are linked to environmental issues.
• Affect multiple sectors including agriculture, water, health, energy and infrastructure.
• The current impacts of climate extremes and disasters and their links to development are the starting points for assessing future climate change impacts. So the question is: What we can do, as civil society, for improve that relationship and reduce these impacts? [1]
According to Braun (2010), the sustainable development is a social concept because it emerged from society as a goal for a better world for present and future generations. The global warming problem is related to socio-economic activities at all societal levels. One of the main challenges is to encourage society to act collectively to protect the environment by reducing for instance greenhouse gasses and repair damage in the long term. So we can say that social participation is crucial in order to minimize the negatives impacts. Participation in the different levels of society is a collective response based on individual commitments, to contribute to obtain a sustainable development. The sustainable development process involves people and groups of people that have basic needs for a better quality of life.. Braun explains that there are three issues that are fundamental to consider: the maturity of civil society, nd political culture; the attitude of developers and government authorities towards social participation; and the availability of human and economic resources to allow effective participation. [2]

Because that climate change the whole word, Hora (2005) explains that there are some simple actions at the local level that contributed to reduce carbon The next box described some local actions that individuals can do for minimize the causes of global warming.[3]


Local_Activities.JPG



Science / Research / University

Students

In these days has become crucial focus and activity with students about issues that come with climate change we are going through. Every day we can see that students are more involved in these problems and it seems that we have to start with initiatives because by the end of the day is our future that is being harmed by climate change.

Because this is that within schools and outside them have formed groups of young people willing to demand, sue and seek alternatives to combat climate change.For example, in Mexico recently had a major workshop coordinated by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in the city of Quintana Roo for students in careers related to the conservation, development and environmental stewardship. In that event was known to students the various alternatives out there to fight climate change and ways to adapt to looking to capitalize on the community for changes to the natural patterns of the environment and ecosystem. Major topics discussed were: community forest management, plant production in nurseries, community conservation, carbon sequestration and ecotourism, among others.

In Chiapas was formed the first State Parliament of the Youth and Climate Change in which were more than 130 young people, with the main objective to formulate a declaration, from the young students from Chiapas, about climate change. After that meeting, another national meeting was held in Aguascalientes where was sought the continued participation of those who attended the first Parliament in order to follow up the proposals and the establishment of the National Youth Declaration against the Climate Change. Just those previous events have been a few more where it has been the active participation by young Mexicans regarding climate issues where there is shown the concern by the students on the issue of climate change. Another important event was the protest that took several students from different high schools of UNAM in which the students required to the governments take action to combat global climate change and for the world summit on climate change held in Cancun is not the same thing happen in Copenhagen.

The importance of being attempt about what is happening whit the climate change can be reflected in each student but one important thing of it is that now in many countries the universities are also worried about it and they are doing changes and implementations in the careers, for example the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education has improve a new career that focused in the study of climate change and sustainable development. According to this university Sustainable development is defined as "development that meets the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs", and for that explanation it is essential the interrelationship between social, economic and ecological to improve the quality of human life, and also provides that this must be true for the present and for future generations, so an “Engineer in Sustainable Development is a professional with a solid foundation in fundamentals and engineering sciences, which allow an understanding of the mechanisms involved in the generation and efficient energy use in the management of emissions from human activity and in the recycling and reuse of waste water and other considering their effect on the environment and society”.

With the information above we can see the importance that is giving now in Mexico to the problem of the climate change and to the need of the sustainable development everywhere, the need to raise awareness and to develop young professionals that perform actions against the problem.

Also in Toronto we can see the concern from the students about weather change, actually there is a specific organization in internet where you can find a lot of information that can gives you a broad overview about the problem, basically in the page you can find some articles related to the subject, for example one that is very interesting is titled “Unborn Children are highly susceptible to environmental toxins ingested by their mother” which talks about the need of act against the climate change and the pollution because even the unborn children are being affected for this problem and this will bring to them an innumerable amount of disease. Like that article we can find a lot of them that explain how the climate change is affecting our life, what we can do to avoid it and what some students are already doing to fight against this problem and to encourage to the governments to do the same. This page was did by a club of students from the University of Toronto campus, according to they, they support 100% renewable energy and conservation and for that they are against about the destruction of the natural world and the climate change denial, envisioned an ethical global community concerned and acting against that problem, so with that purpose was did the page to inform and gather people to avoid and fight against this problem. (http://studentsagainstclimatechange.blogspot.it/)




http://sipse.com/noticias/124644---estudiantes-alternativas-para-luchar-contra-cambio-climatico.html
http://www.itesm.edu/wps/wcm/connect/itesm/tecnologico+de+monterrey/carreras+profesionales/areas+de+estudio/ingenieria+y+ciencias/ids
http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/sociedad/6679.html
http://agencia.unicach.mx/nota.php?var0=2276
http://studentsagainstclimatechange.blogspot.it/






Business



  1. ^ Halsnæs K, Trærup S. Development and Climate Change: A Mainstreaming Approach for Assessing Economic, Social, and Environmental Impacts of Adaptation Measures. Environ Manage 2009;43(5):765-78.
  2. ^ Braun, R. (2010). Social participation and climate change. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 12(5), 777-806. doi:10.1007/s10668-009-9224-1
  3. ^ Zero Hora. (2005). How to contribute with climate change mitigation measures locally. Jornal Zero Hora de Porto Alegre, Janeiro de 2005.